Tuning fork level switch :-
This level switch uses a metal tuning fork structure to detect the presence of a liquid or solid (powder or granules) in a vessel:
An electronic circuit continuously excites the tuning fork, causing it to mechanically vibrate. When the prongs of the fork contact anything with substantial mass, the resonant frequency of the structure dramatically decreases. The circuit detects this change and indicates the presence of material contacting the fork. The forks’ vibrating motion tends to shake off any accumulated material, such that this style of level switch tends to be resistant to fouling.
Paddle Switch :-
A more primitive variation on the theme of a “tuning fork” level switch is the rotating paddle switch, used to detect the level of powder or granular solid material. This level switch uses an electric motor to slowly rotate a metal paddle inside the process vessel. If solid material rises to the level of the paddle, the material’s bulk will place a mechanical load on the paddle. A torque-sensitive switch mechanically linked to the motor actuates when enough torsional effort is detected on the part of the motor. A great many level switches of this design sold in the United States under the trade-name Bindicator (so-called because they detected the level of solid material in storage bins).
A “Bindicator” style of level switch appears in this photograph (painted black, against white painted hopper), used to detect the presence of soda ash powder in a hopper at a water treatment plant: